It is estimated that there are less than 400 Sumatran Tigers left in the world and their population is dwindling rapidly. In 1978 a tiger census reported around 1,000 tigers left in the world. This means that in the last 25 years the population has been cut in half.
The Sumatran Tiger is found only on the Indonesian island of Sumatra. The main reason why these magnificent tigers are at the brink of extinction is due to the rapid deforestation of the Indonesian forests.
Deforestation has taken a major toll on the tigers habitat. Despite the fact that the Indonesian Forestry Ministry has established tiger sanctuaries, the Sumatran tigers haven’t been able to repopulate themselves mainly because the rain forests are being heavily destroyed by illegal logging.
With out these rain forests, the Sumatran tigers will soon be completely extinct and the sad part is that the government hasn’t had much luck with dealing with the illegal loggers.
However deforestation is not the only reason that these fantastic animals are going extinct. Poaching is another major problem that is effecting these amazing tigers. Many poaching gangs are highly organized, leaving some of the conservation areas to be a threat to the tigers.
Sumatran tigers are protected by law in Indonesia with tough provisions for jail time and steep fines. Despite increased efforts in tiger conservation, including law enforcement and anti-poaching capacity, a substantial market remains in Sumatra for tiger parts and products.
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